EDMUND ARNOLD GREENING LAMBORN (1877–1950)
The Story Of Architecture In Oxford Stone (1912)
"THIS book is not meant to be an addition to the already numerous guides to the individual buildings of Oxford. As such it could find little justification, since every important building has at some time or other been the subject of a book, in which its history and its architectural features have been exhaustively treated, and there are besides several guides to the city as a whole, in which accounts are given of its chief architectural details with the dates and styles of all the colleges and churches.
Not Oxford's buildings, but the science of architecture illustrated by them, is the subject of this essay.
As a rule, writers on English architecture draw their examples from buildings scattered broadcast over England ; the majority of students must, therefore, be content to make acquaintance with their details through the medium of photographic illustrations, drawings, and descriptions, which are at best a poor substitute for the real thing. Now Oxford, a unique city in so many respects, is unique in this, that all the great architectural types are represented in her buildings. It is true that our examples of Classic architecture are but poor imitations of the stately porticoes of Greece and Rome, but they will still serve to illustrate the mechanical principles and the ornamental details of the ancient building systems ; of every stage of mediaeval architecture Oxford possesses examples as representative of the best work as are to be found anywhere in England ; the buildings of the great Renaissance architects are not better represented in London itself than in the streets of our own city ; and finally, it was Oxford that saw both the last efforts of expiring Gothic and the first attempts at the revival of the mediaeval style.
Here, then, is an opportunity to approach the study of architecture with buildings of every period at hand for illustrations ; I have tried to show how they may be used to illustrate the development of the science from primitive to modern times.
My main purpose has been less to describe the characteristics of the work of different dates than to attempt to trace through the successive styles a continuous line of evolution. Therefore, minute descriptions of details that the reader may observe for himself are unnecessary ; the aim was rather to inquire into their origins and functions, and to follow the history of their development.
This book is, in its small way, an attempt to apply to the study of architecture the methods of modern biology : to trace the origin and development of architectural forms ; to explain their functions and their interrelations ; and to seek out the causes that modified them and controlled their development.
I have tried to apply the evolutionary method to the study of architecture, and to show that in the history of building, as in that of organic life, there is a single primitive type from which all later forms were evolved ; that all the varied styles belong to one or other of a few great branches ; that the line of progress is from simple to complex, from the lowly organism to the high ; from the undifferentiated form to the specialized, from the rudimentary to the highly developed ; and that the changes that mark that progress were the results, not of changing fashions or of the caprice of individual architects, but of the pressure of new circumstances." (Preface)
The Rudiments Of Criticism (1916)
"There are numerous and admirable books on particular poets and poems and periods, but I do not know of any modern 'Poetics', a general study of poetic form, on the model of the treatise of Longinus 'On the Sublime', with illustrations from our own poets. Moreover, all the critical studies that I know are for the advanced student, they preach to the converted, to those who have already learned to love poetry. For a long time I have been looking for a simply-written introduction to the study of poetry such as might be put into the hands of young students to show them what to look for and to prevent them falling at the outset into the fatal error of reading poetry for the substance and not the form of its matter : this is the error of the annotated editions which are the common substitute for the kind of book I mean, and not one student in a hundred survives their vicious influence. If such a book exists my excuse for the present essay is gone. I began it with no thought of publication, but simply with the idea of setting down, for the use of my staff and of the young teachers whose practice I supervise, some record of methods I had found useful in my own lessons, and some suggestions and conclusions drawn from my experience as a teacher and a student of literature. But I have been led to suppose that the notes may be helpful in other schools and training colleges ; and I should like to cherish a hope that they might be the means of leading some, whom the schools have failed to persuade, to the study and appreciation of poetry." (Preface)
Expression In Speech And Writing (1922)
115 pages long. Contains sheet music in Chapter 4 and arithmetical material in Appendix.
"These chapters, being an account of some experiments in the attempt to develop the powers of self-expression in our children of the East Oxford School, contain the substance of lectures delivered at various times during the past three years to the Oxford Branch of the English Association and to Summer Schools at Oxford, Cambridge, and Bangor." (Preface)
Shakespeare: The Man And His Stage (1923) · With G. B. Harrison (1894–1991)
117 pages long.
"This is a charming book, which will interest both the Shakespeare student and the general reader. It deals with Shakespeare's life and times, the theatre in his day, and his plays. The pictorial illustrations are well chosen, but equally illuminating are the extracts from contemporary writers. The series, of which this volume is part, is designed to provide 'authoritative and scholarly work, presented in terms of its human interest, and in a simple style and moderate compass.' This volume fulfils this aim." (The Scottish Historical Review, 07/1923)
Towns And Town-Planning: Ancient & Modern (1923) · With Thomas Harold Hughes (1887–1949)
Suggest and discuss books to read (all languages welcome!)
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1 Book To Go: Bryant
1 Book To Go: Bryant