WILLIAM TURNER (1871–1936)
History Of Philosophy (1903)
"The purpose of the writer in compiling this text-book has been so to set forth the succession of schools and systems of philosophy as to accord to Scholasticism a presentation in some degree adequate to its importance in the history of speculative thought.
Of the text-books that are at present available for use in the lecture room, some dismiss the Scholastic period with a paragraph ; others, while dealing with it more sympathetically, treat it from the point of view of German transcendentalism. The result is that even works which succeed in doing justice to the schoolmen are practically useless to students who are more familiar with the terminology of Scholasticism than with that of Hegelianism.
Similarly, it is for the purpose of impressing on the student the importance of estimating the value of systems and schools of philosophy that, at the end of each chapter, suggestions for criticism are offered under the title "Historical Position".
The plan of the work precludes much claim to originality. Use has been made of primary sources wherever it was possible to do so." (Preface)
Lessons In Logic (1911)
Contains a limited number of diagrams.
"The chief need of the teacher of logic in our high-schools and colleges is a text-book which will meet the peculiar requirements of the classroom. Many of the text-books now in use are written by men whose theory of the nature and value of knowledge, influenced as it is by false philosophical principles, is distrusted by the teacher who uses the books, and is not unlikely to upset the minds of the pupils. Others, while written on the soundest philosophical principles, take little or no account of pedagogical methods, and present the theory of logic without sufficient regard for the difficulties which beset beginners in this study.
The present text-book aims at supplying both these defects. It is based on the traditional scholastic theory of knowledge, and, wherever it touches on philosophical principles, the principles which it invokes in justification of the rules of logic are those of scholastic psychology and metaphysics. It aims at removing, as far as is possible, the technical difficulties of the study of logic, and tries to approach the problems of logic by the route which extended experience in the classroom has proved to be the easiest. If it has in any measure succeeded in this, it will have justified its appearance in a field which to some may seem already overcrowded." (Preface)
Suggest and discuss books to read (all languages welcome!)
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