Below is a list of PD science fiction, proto-science fiction, and fantasy with strong science fiction elements of all types that I think is worth your time/ should get recorded. If you have any more suggestions or would like to pick up one, PM or reply to the thread so I can add/remove it.
Summaries come from Wikipedia and The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, unless otherwise noted.
Unrecorded Stories, Novels, and Plays (Source Text Available)
- A.D. 2000 by Alvarado M. Fuller
- Adventures of Peter Wilkins by Robert PaltockA.D. 2000 (1890; vt Back to Life (A.D. 2000): A Thrilling Novel 1911), wakes its protagonist (see Sleeper Awakes) in the Utopian culture of the year 2000, significantly the same year that the protagonist of Edward Bellamy's already hugely influential Looking Backward (1888) awakens. A single party rules North America, and electrical inventions (after a great disaster with "aluminum bronze", electricity has become the chief source of power) dominate the exiguous storyline, which does come to a climax with the discovery of the North Pole.
- Angel Island by Inez Haynes GillmoreRobert Paltock's Adventures of Peter Wilkins, first published in 1750, is often regarded as proto-science fiction and is a great read! The original full title is a good plot summary:
The Life and Adventures of Peter Wilkins, a Cornish Man: Relating Particularly, His Shipwreck Near the South Pole; His Wonderful Passage Thro' a Subterranean Cavern into a Kind of New World; His There Meeting with a Gawry or Flying Woman, whose life he Preserv'd, and Afterwards Married her; His Extraordinary Conveyance to the Country of Glums and Gawrys, or Men and Women That Fly. Likewise a Description of this Strange Country, with the Laws, Customs, and Manners of its Inhabitants, and the Author's Remarkable Transactions Among Them. Taken from his own Mouth, in his Passage to England, from off Cape Horn in America, in the Ship Hector. With an INTRODUCTION, Giving an Account of the Surprizing Manner of his Coming on Board that Vessel, and his Death on his Landing at Plymouth in the Year 1739. Illustrated with Several CUTS, Clearly and Distinctly Representing the Structure and Mechanism of the Wings of the Glums and Gawrys, and the Manner in Which They Use Them Either to Swim or Fly. By R S, a Passenger in the Hector (London: Jacob Robinson and Robert Dodsley, 1750) .
- At the Queen's Mercy by Mabel Fuller BlodgettUS author born in Brazil but raised from infancy in the US, whose sf novel, Angel Island (1914), conveys an almost surreal Feminist message with considerable competence – she had been an active feminist from before the end of the century. Five beautiful winged women, who have enjoyed total freedom, discover five men who have been shipwrecked on the eponymous Island (in the Robinsonade tradition); they are soon captured by the men, who clip their wings and breed with them; the tale gradually makes explicit an outrage at the caging of women, as well as an acute ambivalence about the seemingly willing submission of at least four of them to bondage.
- Back to Methuselah by George Bernard Shaw [a five part series of plays]At the Queen's Mercy (1897) is a tale set in Africa and visibly reflecting the influence of H Rider Haggard in its depiction of a mysterious walled city – Phoenician in origin – ruled by a white queen named La who reigns over black subjects.
- Beyond the Vanishing Point by Ray CummingsShaw's first genuine sf play, an important example of the Scientific Romance, is Back to Methuselah: A Metabiological Pentateuch (1921; rev 1921 UK; performed 1922: further rev several times; much rev 1945), a five-part depiction of mankind's Evolution – it was his culminating presentation of Creative Evolution – from the time of Genesis (see Adam and Eve) into the Far Future, during the course of which people have become long-lived (see Immortality) and, by the year 31,920 CE, are on the verge of suffering corporeal Transcendence into disembodied thought-entities; incidental sf devices include cellphone equivalents, a kind of Force Field and the revelation that by 3000 CE nothing whatever remains of London.
- The Brick Moon by Edward Everett Hale
- Cæsar's Column: A Story of the Twentieth Century by Ignatius DonnellyA short work of speculative fiction containing the first known depiction of an artificial satellite. - 1869
Summary and historical significance: http://www.sacred-texts.com/utopia/cc/index.htm
- The Centaurians by L.D. BiagiHis most important sf novel was Caesar's Column: A Story of the Twentieth Century (1890; early editions under the pseudonym Edmund Boisgilbert), which countered the Utopian optimism of Edward Bellamy with the argument that the world of 1988 was evolving towards greater inequality and catastrophic War rather than towards peace and plenty, all being dramatized through a proletarian revolt which burns New York to the ground, except for a "Caesar's Column" of corpses in Union Square; the protagonist escapes to Africa in a Balloon.
- Clearing the Seas: Or, The Last of the Warships by Donal Hamilton HainesThe protagonist of her sf novel The Centaurians (1911) travels with his Scientist friend in a torpedo-like ship of the latter's Invention to the North Pole and beyond, arriving in a clement Lost World where they sight what seems to be a Counter-Earth. They are taken by members of a primitive tribe to the City of the dark-complected Centaurians (see Race in SF), who display their much advanced Technology and science, and who inform the visitors that the world in the sky is in fact the tenuous aftermath of a destroyed planet. After failing to win the heart of a Princess, the narrator returns to the normal world.
- The Clockwork Man (EV Odle)His two connected sf novels for Young Adult readers, The Last Invasion (1914) and Clearing the Seas; Or, the Last of the Warships (1915), describe various aspects of a moderately futile Future War in which the United States is invaded by the "Blues" (whom E F Bleiler thinks must be Germans), who are eventually driven off, and war itself discounted for good.
- The Conquest of the Moon: A Story of the Bayouda (by the British Empire!)E.V. Odle’s The Clockwork Man (1923). Years from now, advanced beings known as the Makers will implant clockwork devices into our heads. At the cost of a certain amount of agency, these marvelous devices will permit us to move unhindered through time and space, and to live perfectly regulated lives. However, if one of these devices should ever go awry, a “clockwork man” from the future might turn up in the 1920s, perhaps at a cricket match in a small English village. Considered the original cyborg novel, and perhaps the original singularity novel too. “Odle’s ominous, droll, and unforgettable The Clockwork Man is a missing link between Lewis Carroll and John Sladek or Philip K. Dick,” says Jonathan Lethem. “Considered with them, it suggests an alternate lineage for SF, springing as much from G.K. Chesterton’s sensibility as from H.G. Wells’s.” Fun fact: Rumors that “E.V. Odle” was a pen name for Virginia Woolf are amusing, but unfounded. Edwin Vincent Odle (1890–1942) was a writer who lived in Bloomsbury, London during the 1910s. From 1925–35, he was editor of the British short-story magazine The Argosy.
http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008611866) by Paschal Grousset 1889
- The Crack of Doom by Robert CromieFrom Wikipedia: One of Grousset's most interesting science fiction novels was Les Exilés de la Terre — Selene-Company Limited* (1887), probably one of the most fanciful cosmic tales of all times. In it, a consortium which intends to exploit the Moon’s mineral resources decides that, since our satellite is too far to be reached, it must be brought closer to the Earth. A Sudanese mountain composed of pure iron ore becomes the headquarters of the newly established Selene Company. Solar reflectors are used to provide the energy required to convert the mountain into a huge electro-magnet, with miles of cables wrapped around it. A spaceship-cum-observatory is then built on top of the mountain. When the experiment begins, the mountain is ripped away from the Earth and catapulted to the Moon. There, the protagonists have various adventures and eventually return to Earth by re-energizing the mountain.
More on the author: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paschal_Grousset
- Dalleszona and the Seventh Treasure by Allen Kendrick WrightCromie is best known for his third sf novel, The Crack of Doom (1895), which is set in the year 2000; the protagonist runs across a politically radical villain (the secret society he controls is vitiated by Feminism and other unacceptable beliefs) who dominates his attractive sister through Telepathy and has also developed a device to unlock the Nuclear Energy contained in matter. He plans to use his formula to destroy the world through a Manichaean conviction that matter is an occlusive evil whose effect on primal reality is to torture it. There is no doubt of Cromie's intention: as he explains, the first use of atomic energy had, thousands of years earlier, destroyed the fifth planet and created the Asteroids; though hazily described; his use here of a nuclear device to end civilization marks the first occurrence of a theme which would dominate the next century (see End of the World). In a heavily plotted denouement, the protagonist alters the formula, so that only a South Pacific Island is evaporated, and all is saved.
- A Demigod: A Novel by Jackson, Edward Payson, 1840-1905Dalleszona and the Seventh Treasure (1922) is a Lost Race tale, featuring descendants of the Toltec Nation whose example inspires world peace after World War One.
- The Diothas; or, A Far Look Ahead by John MacnieA Demigod: A Novel (1886), published anonymously, in which a Eugenics programme, begun in Greece in the seventeenth century, generates in the late nineteenth century a Superman who boasts extraordinary strength and agility, plus a massive intellect, out of which pours Inventions galore, including a process by which artificial diamonds are created, and a superior hand-gun.
- The Discovery of a World in the Moon by John Wilkins
- Doctor by Murray Leinster
- Dormant by E. Nesbit
- Drowsy (John Ames Mitchell)Dormant (1911; vt Rose Royal 1912) is a fantasy-tinged sf novel involving Suspended Animation; the form of Immortality bestowed by the protagonist, who has been awakened after half a century, proves a mixed blessing.
- Equality by Edward BellamyJ.A. Mitchell’s Drowsy (1917). Cyrus Alton, a telepath nicknamed Drowsy because of his drooping eyelids, grows up to attend MIT and become a brilliant scientist. (Call it: psi-fi.) He invents a spaceship equipped with an antigravity mechanism, and flies to the moon, returning with a fantastic diamond… and then, impelled by a psychic bond with a childhood sweetheart, rescues her before she joins a convent. Of greater interest than these rather silly adventures, though, is Mitchell’s account of Drowsy’s childhood. Is he the first of a new species: homo superior? Like the title character of J.D. Beresford’s Hampdenshire Wonder, young Drowsy’s evolved worldview offends his narrow-minded elders. Especially when, for example, he cuts his favorite illustrations out of a Bible; or insists on the morality of untruths; or demands to know why “teacher doesn’t tell us things worth knowing.” Like Daniel Clowes’s Enid Coleslaw, that is to say, Drowsy is a cranky middle-aged freethinker in a child’s body. Fun fact: The author, a Harvard dropout and idler, founded the original LIFE Magazine, later purchased by Henry Luce, in 1883.
- Eve and the Evangelist by Harry E. RiceEquality continues the arguments of Looking Backward, though almost totally without narrative content, and it is not now read as fiction.
- Farmer by Mack ReynoldsEve and the Evangelist: A Romance of A D 2108 (1908), a Utopia set in distant Near Future America, according to strict financial criteria (see Economics) that limit personal wealth to $50,000; great advances in Transportation are described at some length, as well as intercontinental travel by either by Rocket using a new Power Source or Underground, and Communication with Mars has been achieved. Much is learned from the gigantic, intellectual Martians. During the protagonist's travels across the world, Atlantis rises from the depths, and divulges its secrets, including Telepathy, and perhaps Immortality to boot.
- Fifteen Hundred Miles An Hour by Charles Dixon, published in 1895. (http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/49713)"Farmer" (June 1961 Galaxy) is the first of three notable stories which Reynolds set in North Africa, each similarly dealing with the problem of fostering economic and technological development in the teeth of cultural inertia.
- The Gay Rebellion by Robert W. ChambersThe identity of the author seems unclear. Both the British Library and University of Oxford seem to think it is Charles Dixon (1858 - 1926) the British ornithologist. This seems a bit unlikely, as his whole life seems to be about birds, but who knows? This novel purports to be from the manuscripts of a Dr. Hermann, a member of the Royal, the Astronomical, and the Geographical Societies, who disappeared mysteriously and was never seen again.
- Gosling (J.D. Beresford)The Gay Rebellion (stories May-September 1911 Hampton's Magazine; coll of linked stories 1913) consists of comical Satires in which women revolt in order to create a new society based on Eugenics, but reform and marry properly.
- The Hampdenshire Wonder (J.D. Beresford)When a plague kills off most of England’s male population, the proper bourgeois Mr. Gosling (one of the few survivors) abandons his family for a life of lechery. His daughters — who have never been permitted to learn self-reliance — in turn escape London for the countryside, where after some adventures they find meaningful roles in a female-dominated agricultural commune. The women of the commune shed their vanity and socially imposed role restrictions; along with one male, the intellectual Thrale, they must learn to come together as a community for survival. But the Goslings’ idyll is threatened by their elders’ prejudices about free love!
- His Wisdom, the Defender by Simon NewcombVictor Stott is a giant-headed “supernormal” child mutated — in the womb — by his parents’ desire to have a son born without habits. After surveying science, philosophy, history, literature, religion, the best that has been thought and said, the Wonder is dismissive: “So elementary… inchoate… a disjunctive… patchwork.” Young Victor’s adult interlocutors are shattered by his statements about the nature of the universe and human progress; his philosophy begins with rejecting “the interposing and utterly false concepts of space and time,” and ends with the notion that life and all matter are merely “a disease of the ether.” Alas, his interlocutors are unable to live without illusions; they reject the Wonder’s disenchanting insights. Worse, the superboy also makes an enemy of the local clergyman, who (the reader is left to suspect) murders him. The narrator’s eulogy: “He was entirely alone among aliens who were unable to comprehend him, aliens who could not flatter him, whose opinions were valueless to him.”
- Idealia, a Utopian Dream; or, Resthaven by Mrs. Harriet Alfarata ThompsonIn his Edisonade, His Wisdom, the Defender: A Story (1900), future historians tell how a professor discovers a limitless Power Source in 1941, is responsible for the Invention of an Antigravity device, and after creating a private army – equipping it with futuristic armour – takes over the world from the air, establishes a Pax Aeronautica and prohibits war.
- The Last Invasion by Donal Hamilton Haines , Harper & BrothersIdealia: A Utopia Dream; Or, Resthaven (1922 chap), whose protagonist visits a Utopian community for the elderly and the indigent whose features are so exceptionally humane that this domestic Pastoral could readily be understood as occupying an Alternate World.
- LA LÉGENDE DES SIÈCLES, Or The Legend of the Ages by Victor HugoHis two connected sf novels for Young Adult readers, The Last Invasion (1914) and Clearing the Seas; Or, the Last of the Warships (1915), describe various aspects of a moderately futile Future War in which the United States is invaded by the "Blues" (whom E F Bleiler thinks must be Germans), who are eventually driven off, and war itself discounted for good.
- The Lunarian Professor and his Remarkable Revelations Concerning the Earth, the Moon and Mars by James Bradun AlexanderA sci-fi epic poem by Victor Hugo about the development of man.
- The Machine That Floats by Joe GibsonUS author whose sf phantasmagoria, The Lunarian Professor and his Remarkable Revelations Concerning the Earth, the Moon and Mars; Together with an Account of the Cruise of the Sally Ann (1909), might have been excluded from this encyclopedia on the grounds that the insectoid Lunarian pedagogue and all that he surveys turn out to be a dream – were it not that Alexander's imagination, though patently influenced by H G Wells, is too vivid to be ignored. The narrator is told at length, by a visiting six-winged Lunarian, who uses an Antigravity device for travel, about the altruistic three-sexed life on Luna, the future History of Earth (derived from mathematical models, which the professor passes on to the narrator), the Terraforming of Mars (the canals having been constructed to distribute water planet-wide, opening it up for further development), and more.
- The Man Who Rocked the Earth by Arthur Cheney Train and Robert Williams Wood
Science fiction written by a physicist.
- The Man With The Broken Ear by Edmond About
- The Manatitlans by R. Elton SmileHe is best-known for L'Homme à l'Oreille Cassée (1862 2vols; trans anon as The Man with the Broken Ear 1864; new trans Henry Holt 1867; new trans J E Maitland, vt Colonel Fougas' Mistake 1878 2vols); under a further vt, "A New Lease of Life", the tale was included in A New Lease of Life; and, Saving a Daughter's Dowry (coll trans 1880). The novel – which features a Napoleonic colonel in Suspended Animation from 1813 until his resuscitation in 1859 – is a mild Satire on French life and politics, though its main focus is upon the highly energetic Colonel Fougas and his confusion of a young contemporary woman with his beloved of 1813.
- Meccania: The Super-State (Owen Gregory)In The Manatitlans; Or, a Record of Recent Scientific Explorations in the Andea Lat Plata, S A (1877), a white expedition travels up the Paraguay River where it discovers a Lost Race descended from the Romans; they in turn introduce the expedition to a race of tiny humanoids (see Great and Small), the Manatitlans, now located here though at times intermittently resident in Europe; their educational system is of interest.
- Memoirs of the Twentieth CenturyOwen Gregory’s Meccania: The Super-State (1918). In the year 1970, Ming, a young Chinese traveler, visits the Central European state of Meccania. (This dystopian, proto-totalitarian state is obviously based on Germany; its neighbors are “Franconia” [France], “Luniland” [Britain], and “Lugrabia” [Russia].) Constantly monitored by official guides, Ming gets into more trouble when his personal diary — in which he notes that Meccania’s militaristic government dominates social life, that the country is a place of “perpetual propaganda” where dissenters are sent to mental hospitals and concentration camps, and that everyday life there is “an odd mixture of arrogance, xenophobia, over-punctiliousness, over-organization, chauvinism, and rigidity” does not match the records of his guides with perfect exactness. The state maintains a eugenic breeding program; all telephone conversations are monitored; and workers’ actions are monitored and regulated in precise detail.
- Memories of the Future, Being Memoirs of the Years 1915-1972, Written in the Year of Grace 1988 (Lady Porstock Opal)An early work of speculative fiction written by Irish writer Samuel Madden. Written in 1733, it takes the form of a series of diplomatic letters written in 1997 and 1998 - 1733
- The Monster by S. M. Tenneshaw
More SF by a scientist.
- The Onslaught from Rigel by Fletcher Pratt
- The People of the Ruins by Edward Shanks
- Phrenology, A Detector of Murder: A Tale of the Fortieth Century by Anti-HumbugEdward Shanks’s The People of the Ruins (1920). A proto-Idiocracy satire on H.G. Wells’s utopian novels. Trapped in a London laboratory during a worker uprising in 1924, ex-artillery officer and physics instructor Jeremy Tuft awakens 150 years later — on the eve of a new Dark Age! England has become a neo-medieval society whose inhabitants have forgotten how to build or operate machinery. Though he is at first disconcerted by the failure of his own era’s smug doctrine of Progress (“He had held the comfortable belief that mankind was advancing in conveniences and the amenities of life by regular and inevitable degrees”), Tuft eventually decides that post-civilized life is simpler, more peaceful (“We used to feel that we were living on the edge of a precipice — every man by himself, and all men together, lived in anxiety”). That is, until northern English and Welsh tribes threaten London — at which point Tuft sets about reinventing weapons of mass destruction.
- A Prophetic Romance: From Mars to Earth by John F. McCoy
- The Queen of Appalachia by Joe H. Borders
- The Radio Planet by Ralph Milne FarleyA Lost Race novel set unusually in the eastern USA, where a civilization made up of descendants of early American pioneers has established an arcadian, monarchical Utopia supported by advanced Technology.
- A Republic Without a President and Other Stories by Herbert D. WardThe sequence, at first absurdly boosted by The Argosy as scientifically accurate, is devoted to the adventures of Cabot, mostly on Venus, the Radio Planet. After being accidentally shifted to that planet via Matter Transmitter, Cabot quickly frees its humanoid inhabitants from domination by an ant-like race; after marrying a human princess, he continues his activities ad libitum, though sometimes his son takes over. The Radio Man is currently in progress.
- Revolution: A Story of the Near Future in England (J.D. Beresford)
- Rondah, or, Thirty-Three Years in a Star by Florence Carpenter Dieudonné
- The Scarlet Empire by David MacLean ParryIn her Rondah, or Thirty-Three Years in a Star (1887) the tale's several protagonists travel through the solar system in a mountain which, propelled by explosions, serves as a Spaceship that takes them to a large inhabited Asteroid, where the central figure of the tale becomes king of the native bird-people, who are in fact of vegetable origin, and who are replaced by ferocious elves when the worldlet cools down. Much happens.
- The Secret Martians by Jack SharkeyA young socialist American thinks to commit suicide by jumping into the sea, but awakens in a nightmarish Atlantis, a Lost World Keep protected from the ocean above by a great dome, where – despite a healthy plethora of convenient Inventions – the obsession with regimented equality leads to grotesqueries prophetic of those later dreamt of by Yevgeny Zamiatin in My (ms trans Gregory Zilboorg as We 1924). The use of "letheweed" to Drug the citizens nightly also prefigures Aldous Huxley's Brave New World (1932).
- The Sentimentalists by Murray Leinster
- Sentry Of The Sky by Evelyn E. Smith
- The Silver Menace by Murray Leinster
- The Smoky God, or, A Voyage to the Inner World by Willis George Emerson-In the catalog now
- The Social War of 1900 by Simon Landis (PLAY)Set in 1829 in a Hollow-Earth Eden on the John Cleves Symmes model, where a scientifically advanced race of long-lived giants is discovered worshipping its "smoky god", which is the interior sun. Eventually the protagonist, who has arrived via the Arctic Symmes Hole, leaves via the Antarctic, and is thought mad for many years.
- Space Station 1 by Frank Belknap LongPlay adaptation of one of the most notoriously awful science fiction novels ever written (which we've already recorded).
- The Struggle for Empire by Robert William Cole
- Sub-Coelum: A Sky-Built Human World by Addison Peale RussellHis first and best novel, The Struggle for Empire: A Story of the Year 2236 (1900), takes the Future War story to its logical, grim conclusion. The Anglo-Saxon Federation – ostensibly a Utopia with London as its "superb capital" but in truth a class-ridden Dystopia where the rich in their insatiate greed have plundered the planet (see Ecology) – expands ominously into other solar systems in search of raw material to exploit. At this point interstellar warfare breaks out between Earth and a superior race from the Sirius system. The descriptions of space battles, and of an Earth surrounded by a barrage of space torpedoes and mines while scientists struggle to perfect the ultimate Weapon, make it – as Everett F Bleiler argues in Science-Fiction: The Early Years (1990) – the precursor to and equal of many of the Space-Opera stories of the 1930s.
- Theodore Savage: A Story of the Past or the Future (Cicely Hamilton)Sub-Coelum: A Sky-Built Human World (1893) is a Utopia written, like so many others from this decade, to counter the influence of Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward 2000-1887 (1888). The setting is an unspecified Near Future, in a land with no name, whose inhabitants – who constantly observe and report upon one another – are forcibly conditioned into behaviour patterns the author designates as "pure" (see B F Skinner): Sex is strictly controlled through a rigorous purging of women's freedom of action (see Feminism; Women in SF), with the result that eventually both sexes, now equally chastened, are treated equally; miscegenation and role-reversals such as men freely becoming house-husbands (see Race in SF) are approved of, but within strict principles derived from Eugenics; a tribe of intelligent monkeys (see Apes as Human) is provided with hospital care; because of the translucence of the atmosphere, folk see more clearly here than elsewhere; and honour the earth with plantings.
- Thoth: A Romance by J. Shield NicholsonCicely Hamilton’s Theodore Savage (1922). When war breaks out in Europe, British civilization collapses overnight. The ironically named protagonist must learn to survive by his wits in a new Britain. When we first meet Savage, he is a complacent civil servant, primarily concerned with romancing his girlfriend. During the brief war, in which both sides use population displacement as a terrible strategic weapon, Savage must battle his fellow countrymen. He shacks up with an ignorant young woman in a forest hut — a kind of inverse Garden of Eden, where no one is happy. Eventually, he sets off in search of other survivors… only to discover a primitive society where science and technology have come to be regarded with superstitious awe and terror. Fun fact: Cicely Hamilton was an Anglo-Irish novelist, dramatist, and campaigner for women’s rights who served during WWI with an ambulance unit and at a military hospital in France. Her 1909 treatise Marriage as a Trade is a witty criticism of that institution.
- Through the Eye of The Needle, by William Dean Howells (sequel to A Traveler from Altruria)A Lost-World novel set around 400 BCE, where a City in the North African desert, settled 2,000 years earlier, has benefited from the scientific advances of its ruler, Thoth the First, who remains in Suspended Animation.
- A Traveler from Altruria by William Dean Howells -In the catalog now
- A Trip to Plutonia by Emanuel Haldeman JuliusAltruria, a utopian world that combined the foundations of Christianity and the U.S. Constitution to produce an “ethical socialism” by which society was guided - followed by its sequel, Through the Eye of the Needle [see above] - 1894
- The Troublemakers by George O. Smith
- True History by Lucian
- Ultra: A Story of Pre-Natal Influence by Laura Shellabarger HuntThe earliest known fiction about travelling to outer space, alien life-forms and interplanetary warfare. Written in the 2nd century, the novel has been referred to as "the first known text that could be called science fiction". The work was intended by Lucian as a satire against contemporary and ancient sources, which quote fantastic and mythical events as truth. - 2nd century
- Unveiling a Parallel: A Romance by Alice Ilgenfritz Jones and Ella Merchant
- Utopia Achieved by Herman Hine Brinsmade
- What Not: A Prophetic Comedy (Rose Macaulay)Utopia Achieved: A Novel of the Future (1912), depicts a vastly enlarged Near Future New York full of mechanical and cultural marvels, a self-regulating obedient workforce, and free health care. Brinsmade's romantic vew of twentieth-century Transportation – monorails, vast aerial structures that resemble Albert Robida's more exuberant fancies – is perhaps typical of his period, but is unusually inventive.
- The White Invaders by Ray CummingsRose Macaulay’s What Not: A Prophetic Comedy (1919). At some point after the Great War [that is to say, after the First World War, which ended a few months after Macaulay wrote this book], in a Britain where people travel by underground train and “street aero,” a government ministry — the Ministry of Brains — decides to increase national brain-power, and stave off the coming idiocracy, through a program of compulsory selective breeding. The propaganda efforts in support of this endeavor are amazing, and wide-reaching… not just official posters, but newspaper editorials, business advertisements, contests, and more. However, when it’s discovered that the head of the Ministry has secretly married, even though — because there is “deficiency” in his family — he is not allowed to do so, the Ministry is burned down. The book ends on an ambiguous note: Is the victory of “human perverseness, human stupidity, human self-will” over autocratic bureaucracy a triumph? Or not?
- Willmoth the Wanderer; or, The Man from Saturn by C.C. Dail
- Wolfbane by C. M. Kornbluth and Frederik Pohl-In the catalog nowWillmoth the Wanderer, Or The Man from Saturn (1890; rev vt Willmoth the Wanderer 1891) is a genuine oddity. Though told with no great skill, its narrative, purporting to be that of Willmoth the Saturnian as told towards the end of his several-million-year lifespan, is an eventful affair. Willmoth proceeds from Saturn to Venus (via Antigravity) and, late in the book, to a prehistoric Earth, where he becomes the Secret Master ruler of the primitive inhabitants, Uplifting them through selective breeding (see Eugenics) into Homo sapiens. The next volume, The Stone Giant: A Story of the Mammoth Cave (1898), moves into a Hollow Earth venue. It is presented as a translation by Willmoth of the memoirs of the prehistoric ruler Wymorian, an 8ft (2.4m) giant and founder of Atlantis, who had been given (by ancient descendants of Willmoth) an elixir of life. Sex is approved of throughout. There is much talk about the ethics of the Immortality experiment, which on the whole is a failure – as, notoriously, was Atlantis. There are some tonal echoes of the titular model for the sequence, Charles Maturin's Melmoth the Wanderer (1820 4vols), but beyond the issue of immortality they are not significant.
- The World Masters by George Chetwynd Griffith - 1903The last novel Kornbluth wrote with Pohl was Wolfbane (October-November Galaxy; 1959; rev by Pohl 1986), in which the Earth is moved out of its orbit by Aliens who capture humans in order to use their bodies in a vast Computer complex; it is a precursor to some of the most ambitious work of authors like Stephen Baxter and Greg Bear.
The World Peril of 1910 by George Chetwynd Griffith - 1907
Yezad: A Romance of the Unknown by George Babcock
- Young Readers Science Fiction Stories by Richard M. ElamA not entirely competent but decidedly complicated tale in which occult and sf modes intermingle. A pilot named Bacon flies too high, and is dashed to Earth by Azrael, only to find that, in something like his astral body, and accompanied by his dark Doppelganger, he has begun a Fantastic Voyage to nearby Stars, where Reincarnation is routine. A Martian mentor demonstrates to Bacon the Utopia that Mars has become. He also describes an earlier drama, in which a group of Martians, fearing that their planet was becoming unlivable, migrate (with digressions) to Earth, losing their records en route, and their culture once landed. Their role as Forerunners to (specifically white) Homo sapiens can now be now revealed. But being a forerunner does not entail Evolution, which Babcock specifically contemned. In a side story, two enfants sauvages disprove Darwin's theory through their instinctive love of God.
- Zalma by T. Mullett Ellis
_________Mullet's sf novel proper, Zalma (1895), exorbitantly traces the protracted Near-Future attempts of the eponymous wrong-side-of-the-bed Russian-Spanish princess to revenge herself on the heir to the throne of England, who has for unclear reasons swiftly annulled their morganatic marriage. Anthrax-bearing Balloons (see also Biology) and evil scientists are brought into play; the tale closes on a possible Europe-wide socialist upheaval.
- Gone Fishing by James H. Schmitz
- Ham Sandwich by James H. Schmitz
- Novice by James H. Schmitz
- Oneness by James H. Schmitz
- The Star Hyacinths by James H. Schmitz
- Watch the Sky by James H. Schmitz
- The Winds of Time by James H. Schmitz
Missing Source Text -- feel free to track down a copy at your local library!
- [PLAY] The Blue Flame by George V. Hobart and John Willard (The main character is a religious young woman who dies and is revived as a soulless femme fatale) - 1920
Cannot find a public domain text.
- Theologus Autodidactus by Ibn al-Nafis (This work is one of the first Arabic novels, may be considered an early example of a science fiction novel, and an early example of a coming of age tale and a desert island story.)
Cannot find a public domain text.
- New Amazonia: A Foretaste of the Future by Elizabeth Burgoyne Corbett
- 2894, or The Fossil Man (A Midwinter Night's Dream) by Walter Browne
- The Milltillionaire, or Age of Bardization by M. Auberré Hovorré
This list: http://thethunderchild.com/Books/OutofCopyright.html is a great list of PD sci-fi on US Gutenberg.