BENJAMIN IDE WHEELER (1854–1927)
Introduction To The Study Of The History Of Language (1891) with Strong, Herbert Augustus (1841–1918) & Logeman, Willem Sijbrand (????–????)
Contains terminology of various languages.
Contains Errata note.
"IN the following pages an attempt has been made to enable students to grasp the main points of the contents of one of the most important philological works which have been published during the last ten or twenty years Paul's 'Principien der Sprachgeschichte'.
With this object in view, that work has been here, with more or less freedom, as the subject seemed to demand, rewritten. Though a translation of Professor Paul's book has been published by one of the authors, it has been felt that the existence of that translation did not render a work like the present superfluous, nor should a student whose interest has been awakened by the reading of these pages consider he can dispense with studying what Paul has written in his great work." (Preface)
The Old World In The New (1898)
Dionysos And Immortality: The Greek Faith In Immortality As Affected By The Rise Of Individualism (1899)
Contains a restricted number of ancient greek terms.
"The broad range of topics touched upon in this lecture, ranging from the question of Indo-European origins of religion to the religious character of Plato's thought, increases its interest for the student, while at the same time it makes it perhaps more difficult for the ordinary reader to grasp the main thread of the argument. The student of Greek thought and the student of the history of religion will find in it much that is stimulating, and will be very grateful to Dr. Wheeler for giving not only the Greek doctrine of immortality, but also the outline of that religious belief in which this doctrine had its proper setting.
The main purpose of the book is to trace the rise of individualism during the period 750-600 B. C. in its influence on religious life and belief. With
the development of social and political individualism men came to desire individual immortality. From time immemorial certain cults among the common people had fostered the belief in a kinship between the human spirit and certain spirits of nature. The belief in a real kinship of man and god, and the practice of a real communion between the human spirit and a divine spirit in the life of nature-it was this for which the religion of Dionysos stood, and it was this belief and practice by which the Dionysos religion satisfied the new needs of the Greek people. Other students may differ from Dr. Wheeler as to the meaning of Iakchos in Eleusinian worship, as to the purely religious nature of Plato's thought, and, of course, as to the connection of the Greek gods with ancestor worship, but the central thought of the lecture can hardly be questioned by any earnest student of Greek life.
As to the question of ancestor worship, one who agrees in the main with President Wheeler's position might raise the question whether "the great
gods, the 'nature gods', carried up with them from their origin the semblances of ancestor gods", or whether they acquired this character from
their position in the public worship of the Greek state. That they had this character cannot be questioned." (Arthur Fairbanks, The Philosophical Review, 05/1900)
Alexander The Great: The Merging Of East And West In Universal History (1900)
"NO single personality, excepting the carpenter's son of Nazareth, has done so much to make the world of civilisation we live in what it is as Alexander of Macedon. He levelled the terrace upon which European history built. Whatever lay within the range of his conquests contributed its part to form that Mediterranean civilisation which, under Rome's administration, became the basis of European life. What lay beyond was as if on another planet. Alexander checked his eastward march at the Sutlej, and India and China were left in a world of their own, with their own mechanisms for man and society, their own theories of God and the world. Alexander's world, to which we all belong, went on its own separate way until, in these latter days, a new greed of conquest, begotten of commercial ambition, promises at last to level the barriers which through the centuries have stood as monuments to the outmost stations of the Macedonian phalanx, and have divided the world of men in twain." (Preface)
The Whence And Whither Of The Modern Science Of Language (1905)
Suggest and discuss books to read (all languages welcome!)
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