CYRIL EDWIN MITCHINSON JOAD (1891–1953)
Common-Sense Ethics (1921) with a Preface by Carr, Herbert Wildon (1857–1931)
"THERE is no class of judgments to which we appeal with more absolute confidence in the ultimate unanimity of different minds than moral judgments. If men have been found to defend the Holy Inquisition, the Roman gladiatorial shows, negro slavery, or frightfulness in war, it is not because they differ from their fellows in their judgments concerning what constitutes right and wrong, but because they can make appeal to a sentiment in human nature which is not the subject of dispute but the arbiter. When we try, however, to give definite form and substance to this sentiment itself,—and this is the aim of the philosophical science of Ethics,—we find serious difficulty. It was manifested in wide divergency in the ancient ethical theories, and it is a problem dividing different schools of thought in philosophy to-day. Moreover, it is a problem to which no one is really indifferent, for it involves the problem of problems,—the nature and meaning of life.
This book is a study, an earnest, fresh and living study of the ethical problem by a young philosopher who has reflected deeply on the metaphysical theories of the ancient and modern periods and has tried seriously to bring them into accord and to discover in them some guidance, particularly in regard to the political and social evolution which the present generation is witnessing. He describes his own view as that of common-sense Ethics. But by common sense it is clear that he does not intend to class himself with unphilosophical opinion, either in reasoned or contemptuous opposition to philosophical theory." (Preface)
Common-Sense Theology (1922)
The Highbrows: A Modern Novel (1922)
Introduction To Modern Philosophy (1924)
"The following chapters aim at giving a short but comprehensive account of the most important developments in Modern Philosophy. In preparing this brief survey, I have endeavoured, as far as possible, to avoid the use of all technical terms, and to describe the views of modern philosophers in language which will be intelligible to ordinary persons.
With the best will in the world, however, it is not an easy matter for a writer on Philosophy to avoid the charge of obscurity, not because of any professional leaning to the unintelligible—although it must in honesty be admitted that too many philosophers have mistaken obscurity of statement for profundity of thought — but because of the inherent difficulty of the subject-matter. Whatever deals with the fundamental and simple is bound to be difficult and complex, and it is no good ignoring the fact that philosophy, which is not lightly to be attempted by any, must always seem singularly like nonsense to some. I make no apology, then, for the difficulty of this book; it is at any rate easier than the philosophies it surveys.
When one attempts to reduce the corpus of modern philosophy to the compass of a small text-book, selection and compression become of paramount importance. What you select depends to a large extent on what you think significant, and, as the case of Anthologies demonstrates, no man will be found to agree in its entirety with another’s selection.
In making my own selection I have endeavoured to follow the principle of only introducing those doctrines which pass the double test of being both important and distinctively modern.
The omission of any account of the philosophy of the English Idealists is perhaps the most important consequence of the adoption of this principle. Speaking broadly, I have dealt only with those views which have emerged since the publication of Mr. Bradley’s Appearance and Reality not because I desire to underrate the importance of the contribution to philosophy of the English Idealists, but because that contribution has been long enough before the world to be familiar to all English readers who are interested in philosophy. The important innovations which have been introduced into Idealist theory since the publication of Mr. Bradley’s great work have been largely, if not wholly, due to the Neo-Idealist school of Italian philosophers, of whom Benedetto Croce and Giovanni Gentile are the most prominent ; and a chapter has accordingly been devoted to the exposition of the views of these philosophers." (Introduction)
Introduction To Modern Political Theory (1924)
"I HAVE endeavoured in the succeeding pages to present in outline the most important aspects of modern political thought, my aim being throughout to describe and to discuss the various theories in such a way that no previous acquaintance with the subject shall be necessary for their comprehension." (Introduction)
Suggest and discuss books to read (all languages welcome!)
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