ALEXANDER DUNLOP LINDSAY (1879–1952)
A New Theory Of Vision And Other Select Philosophical Writings (1910) by Berkeley, George (1685–1753)
Socratic Discourses: Plato And Xenophon (1910) by Plato (c. 428 BCE–c. 347 BCE) & Xenophon (ca. 430 BC–354 BCE) translated by Fielding, Sarah (1710–1768) Stawell, Florence Melian (1869–1936) Watson, John Selby (1804–1884) Welwood, James (1652–1727) & Wright, Josiah (1842–1894)
The Philosophy Of Bergson (1911)
Contains limited French terminology and a fragment in French (Preface).
"Some apology is needed for publishing a book on the philosophy of Bergson. Books on philosophers are always a poor substitute for the writings of the philosophers themselves, and that is especially true of a writer so brilliant as Monsieur Bergson. My excuse is that in some degree the very brilliance and charm of Monsieur Bergson's writing has hindered a proper appreciation of his work. His method of philosophical exposition is a combination of abstract thinking and most illuminating and suggestive concrete illustrations. The combination constitutes, I think, an ideal method, but, as few professional philosophers since Plato have had the artist's power of concrete vision, an unusual one. In consequence the suggestiveness of the illustrations has obscured the systematic nature of the thought which they illustrate, and Bergson has, in spite of his explanations and protests, too often been regarded by his admirers as a philosopher who does not believe in systematic thinking and by his critics as a writer remarkable indeed for some brilliant aperçus but not to be taken seriously as a philosopher. I have therefore endeavoured to bring out the unity and systematic nature of Monsieur Bergson's thought, and to show something of its connection with the historical development of philosophy, and more especially with the philosophy of Kant. The book does not pretend to be an account of all Monsieur Bergson's work. There are many things in his writings which I have not discussed, notably his contribution to aesthetics in Le Rire and his more special psychological studies, such as Le Rêve, L'Effort Intellectuel, and Le Souvenir du Présent et la Fausse Reconnaissance. Further, as I have wished to examine certain problems with which modern philosophy is especially concerned in the light which Monsieur Bergson throws upon them, rather than to make a critical study of his writings in great detail, I have not been careful to distinguish when I am merely giving a resume of what Monsieur Bergson says and when the arguments are my own.
For the same reason I have ventured to criticise the details of Monsieur Bergson's arguments when they seemed to me to obscure what I take to be the main results of his thinking." (Preface)
The Philosophy Of Immanuel Kant (1914)
Ideal for novice readers.
"There is a story that Schopenhauer used to begin his lectures on Kant by saying: "Let no one tell you what is contained in the Critique of Pure Reason." The writer of this little book hopes that no one will imagine that he has disregarded this warning. There are no short-cuts to the understanding of a great philosopher, and the only way to appreciate the greatness of a philosophic system is to study the philosopher's own writings. All that the writer of a book like this can hope to do is to persuade others to undertake that study by interesting them in the problems with which it deals, and by offering a few suggestions which may help to an understanding of it. I have said nothing about the numerous other works which Kant wrote. For the three Critiques contain his system, and the understanding of that is all-important." (Foreword)
The Republic Of Plato (1923, 3d Edition) by Plato (c. 428 BCE–c. 347 BCE)
Suggest and discuss books to read (all languages welcome!)
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