HAROLD NORTH FOWLER (1859–1955)
A Handbook Of Greek Archaeology (1909) with Wheeler, James Rignall (1859–1918) & Stevens, Gorham Phillips (1876–1963)
"This manual is intended primarily for the use of students who expect to pursue the study of Greek Archaeology seriously, but it may also be of use to those who desire only a general knowledge of the subject. Neither the serious student at the beginning of his course of study nor the general reader should be disturbed by a discussion of conflicting theories. Matters concerning which some degree of certainty has not been attained have, therefore, been in great measure omitted. The attempt has been made to avoid a very detailed treatment of the subject-matter, though in the discussion of technical processes, especially those of architecture, it was necessary to include a good many details, chiefly because a knowledge of them is needful to the student and is not easily accessible. Few entire categories of works of art have (like the carvings in ivory) been completely omitted, though some (e.g. terracotta reliefs) have been treated very briefly, since the size of the book was limited. In the chapter on Vases, footnotes have been used more freely than elsewhere, owing to the fact that the material for illustration and detailed study is scattered and not always easily found.
The chapter on Architecture is the work of Mr. Gorham Phillips Stevens, formerly for two years Fellow in Architecture at the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, on the grant of the Carnegie Institution. Its historical and descriptive parts are based largely on portions of Borrmann's Die Baukunst des Altertums und des Islam im Mittelalter, and the chapter has been revised by Mr. Fowler. The chapters on Vases and Painting are by Mr. Wheeler, and he has supervised the preparation of the illustrations. The other chapters are by Mr. Fowler, but both authors have read the whole book carefully and accept responsibility for the statements contained in it. The chapter on Gems is little more than a brief summary of the late Professor Furtwangler's Antike Gemmen." (Preface)
A History Of Sculpture (1916)
"In this book I have attempted to give a sketch of the history of sculpture from the beginnings of civilization in Egypt and Babylonia to the present day. The sculpture of the Far East is treated very briefly and, as I am perfectly conscious, insufficiently, because it has not affected the development of our own art, but has led a separate existence, in spite of the influence exerted upon it by Greek sculpture. For similar reasons, and also on account of its lack of intrinsic merit, the sculpture of the American aborigines, of the negro races, the tribes of Oceania, and other backward peoples has been altogether omitted. With these limitations, I have tried to include an account of all the important developments in the art of sculpture in ancient, mediaeval, and modern times, with such descriptions of individual works and information concerning individual artists as the space at my disposal and the available information permit. Since the book is a history, not a series of essays, I have attempted no detailed criticism. A brief description of the materials and methods employed in sculpture is contained in the Introduction." (Preface)
Plato: Theaetetus · Sophist (1921)
A History Of Ancient Greek Literature (1923, 2nd Edition)
"The book contains little or nothing which should not be familiar to every educated man and woman. The college student should therefore be expected to use it all, though more time should of course be spent in the study of the chapters on the greatest writers than in learning about the authors of less importance. The pupil in the secondary school, however, may not always have the time to pay any attention to the less important Greek authors. It may therefore be in many instances desirable to stop the classroom use of the book at the end of the Attic period, adding only enough from the later parts to make the pupils acquainted with Theocritus, Callimachus, Apollonius Rhodius (especially if the pupils have read or are to read Virgil), Polybius, Plutarch, and Lucian. In the case of immature pupils, it may be well to omit the chapter on the Homeric Question, and even the chapters on the early prose writers.
Far the greater part of the book is taken up with the history of Greek literature before the Alexandrian period. This is desirable, because the works of the Alexandrian and Roman times are lost for the most part and never possessed the literary importance of the great writings of the earlier days. On the other hand, the writings of the later times are too important to be altogether overlooked. Roman literature was most powerfully influenced by Alexandrian literature, and has in turn exerted a most powerful influence upon the literature of all later times. A summary account of Alexandrian and Graeco-Roman literature is therefore included in this book, in the belief that our students should not be allowed to forget that Greek life and thought continued to influence the world long after the political independence of Greece came to an end. For a somewhat similar reason—to call attention to the influence of Greek thought, Greek education, and Greek writers upon the progress of Christianity—an account of some of the Christian writers has been included." (Preface)
"This book can be recommended as a reference work upon the history of Greek literature, but not as a textbook. In about 460 pages Mr. Fowler has enumerated all the writers of ancient Greek from Homer to the time of Justinian. He has evidently been at great pains to inform himself, as accurately as the more or less fragmentary evidence will permit, upon their lives and writings. His reading in Greece has apparently been extensive. In matters of disputed chronology and authorship his attitude is one of judicious conservatism, which tends to make his work a safe reference guide for young students.
Mr. Fowler, however, seems to lack some of the qualities which one writing a history of literature, especially of ancient Greek literature, should possess. His work shows no large grasp of literary tendencies, no ability to look back upon some period and touch upon its salient weaknesses or elements of greatness, so as to sum up the influence of one literary generation upon another. The topical treatment, necessary perhaps in a reference work of this kind, has been carried to such an extent as to destroy all feeling of connection between the various periods of Greek literary development and to leave no impression of its intrinsic unity." (W. L. Westermann, The Classical Journal, 05/1906)
A History Of Roman Literature (1923, 2nd Edition)
"This book is intended primarily for use as a text-book in schools and colleges. I have therefore given more dates and more details about the lives of authors than are in themselves important, because dates are convenient aids to memory, as they enable the learner to connect his new knowledge with historical facts he may have learned before, while biographical details help to endow authors with something of concrete personality, to which the learner can attach what he learns of their literary and intellectual activity." (Preface)
"The author bases his work on Teuffel, Schanz, and Dr. Mackail, and has designed it 'for use as a text-book', giving extracts almost entirely in English, because 'Latin would probably not be read by most young readers', and, if wanted, 'the texts of the most important works are sure to be at hand in the schools'. Although this prevailing absence of Latin makes it difficult to convey at second hand the aesthetic value of the authors, still the method is calculated to lead junior students towards a wider study of the originals, and also, it is to be hoped, to interest the ordinary reader in the sequence of Roman thought" (J. Wight Duff, The Classical Review, 02–03/1924)
Suggest and discuss books to read (all languages welcome!)
1 post • Page 1 of 1