Historical Studies On The French Revolution (Part 3: 10 Titles)

Suggest and discuss books to read (all languages welcome!)
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LectorRecitator
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Post by LectorRecitator » December 4th, 2019, 7:49 am

The Great French Revolution, 1789–1793 (1909) by Kropotkin, Pyotr Alexeyevich (1842–1921)

ℹ️ "JAURES has given us a series of volumes on the Revolution from the socialist point of view and now comes Kropotkin, the Russian prince
and revolutionist, with a volume presenting the communist conception of the great upheaval. It is with the role of the masses and with the
great economic changes that he is chiefly concerned, matters that have not received in the past the consideration that is due them. As a result,
the histories of the Revolution have been chiefly political histories from which one can learn but little concerning the abolition of feudalrights of the confiscation and sale of land, and of the action of the masses of the people during the period 1789-1794. And yet to Kropotkin, these things appear the fundamental facts of the Revolution.

The specialist will find here little that is new, will shake his head over many daring constructions, and will find places indicating that Kropotkin is not as well informed as he should be, but everything considered, it must be acknowledged that with all its faults the book is full of hypotheses which are worth testing and which will open the eyes of students of history who are not acquainted with the monographic work that has been done on the economic side of the Revolution. The volume was well worth translating into English and should be read by every teacher as a help to a better understanding of the great French movement of a hundred years ago."
(Fred Morrow Fling, The American Historical Review, 04/1910)

https://archive.org/details/greatfrenchrevol00kropuoft/page/n5

The Days Of The Directoire (1910) by Allinson, Alfred Richard (1852–1929)

ℹ️ "THE aim of this book is to present a vivid account of the extraordinary years from 1795 to 1799, when the Five Directors ruled France from the Palace of the Luxembourg; to portray the chief actors of those stirring times ; and to draw a picture of the social conditions prevailing in capital and country after the tremendous changes of the Revolution." (Preface)

https://archive.org/details/cu31924024315180/page/n9

https://archive.org/details/daysofdirectoire00alliuoft/page/n7

The French Revolution, A Political History 1789–1804 (1910) by Aulard, François-Alphonse (1849–1928)

ℹ️ "In this Political History of the French Revolution, I propose to show how the principles of the Declaration of Rights were, between 1789 and 1804, put into operation by the institutions of the time ; or interpreted by speeches, by the press, by the policies of the various political parties, and by the manifestations of public opinion. Two of these principles, the principle of the equality of rights, and the principle of national sovereignty, were those most often invoked in the elaboration of the new state politic. They are, historically, the essential principles of the Revolution ; variously conceived, differently applied, according to the period. The chief object of this book is the narration of the vicissitudes which these two principles underwent.

In other words, I wish to write the political history of the Revolution from the point of view of the origin and the development of Democracy and Republicanism."
(Author's Preface)

ℹ️ "A great political history of the Revolutionary era. His narrative is intelligent and instructive beyond all others, and is remarkably free from prejudice. He maintains that, on the eve of the Revolution, no one had ever dreamed of the establishment of a republic in France. It was the King, who refused loyally to accept his new role of Constitutional monarch, who was responsible for the fall of the Throne, which was precipitated by the written proofs of his treason seized by the victors of the 10 August. Out of the exasperation of all patriots over the invasion of France by Austria and Prussia, to replace Louis on his throne, was born the Republic." (Walter Geer, The French Revolution: A Historical Sketch)

Volume 1: https://archive.org/details/thefrenchrevolut01aula/page/n6

Volume 2: https://archive.org/details/frenchrevolution02aula/page/n6

Volume 3: https://archive.org/details/thefrenchrevolut03aula/page/n6

Volume 4: https://archive.org/details/frenchrevolution04aula/page/n6

The French Revolution (June 1911, Revised Edition) by Belloc, Hilaire (1870–1953)

⚠️ The catalogued recording is of the first edition of April 1911.

ℹ️ "The object of these few pages is not to recount once more the history of the Revolution: that can be followed in any one of a hundred text-books. Their object is rather to lay, if that be possible, an explanation of it before the English reader; so that he may understand both what it was and how it proceeded, and also why certain problems hitherto unfamiliar to Englishmen have risen out of it." (Preface)

https://archive.org/details/frenchrevolution00bell/page/n5

https://archive.org/details/frenchrevolutio00bell/page/n5

The French Revolution (1913) by Taine, Hippolyte (1828–1893)

ℹ️ "If one is seeking to know definitely the effects of the Revolution in the provinces of France, rather than to study the more stirring events in Paris, read Taine." (Lydia Hoyt Farmer, A Short History Of The French Revolution: For Young People)

ℹ️ "The former reputation of all these historians has been to a great extent effaced by that of Taine. Although equally impassioned, he threw a brilliant light upon the revolutionary period, and it will doubtless be long before his work is superseded.

Work so important is bound to show faults. Taine is admirable in the representation of facts and persons, but he attempts to judge by the standard of rational logic events which were not dictated by reason, and which, therefore, he cannot interpret. His psychology, excellent when it is merely descriptive, is very weak as soon as it becomes explanatory. To affirm that Robespierre was a pedantic "swotter" is not to reveal the causes of his absolute power over the Convention, at a time when he had spent several months in decimating it with perfect impunity. It has very justly been said of Taine that he saw well and understood little. Despite these restrictions his work is highly remarkable and has not been equalled."
(Gustave Le Bon, The Psychology Of Revolution)

ℹ️ "Taine’s many volumes are full of thought, and well worth reading." (Frederick Wilkins Aveling, A Brief History Of The French Revolution: Its Causes, Events, And Consequences (1789–1795))

ℹ️ "His work is the most scientific, and one of the ablest that we possess; but, in the words of Lord Acton, Taine is a pathologist, and not a historian, and his book is no substitute for history." (Walter Geer, The French Revolution: A Historical Sketch)

Volume 1: https://archive.org/details/frenchrevolution01tainuoft/page/n8 or http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/2578

Volume 2: https://archive.org/details/frenchrevolution02tainuoft/page/n6 or http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/2579

Volume 3: https://archive.org/details/frenchrevolution03tainuoft/page/n6 or http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/2580

The French Revolution: From The Age Of Louis XIV To The Coming Of Napoleon (1913) by Wheeler, Harold Felix Baker (1877–1947)

ℹ️ "In the following pages I have attempted to tell the story of the French Revolution in a simple and straightforward way for those readers who do not profess an intimate knowledge of the great upheaval. They will find how the day of reckoning began to get gradually and sometimes almost imperceptibly nearer from the days when Louis the Great ruled with despotic sway, how the literary work of Voltaire, Rousseau, and other advanced writers and thinkers assisted in the movement towards reform, aided by the cultured chit-chat of the salons and the spreading of democratic ideas by those who had taken part in the War of American Independence. They will see how the question of national finance and the quarrels between Louis XVI and the Parlements led to the calling of the three Orders to Versailles and to the momentous step taken by the Commons when they attempted to solve their own particular problems by means of the National Assembly. Local government, mob rule, and civil war followed, and parties having widely diverging ideals came into being, each with Constitutional cure-alls which failed to make a lasting improvement in the feverish condition of the body-politic. The outbreak of war, the King's complicity in it, the formation of all-powerful Committees which brought victory to the French beyond the frontier and tragedy to many at home, to give place in turn to reaction, the miserable uncertainties of the Directory and the beginning of the iron rule of " the little Corsican " are detailed." (Introduction)

https://archive.org/details/cu31924024314431/page/n7

https://archive.org/details/frenchrevolution00wheeuoft/page/n8

The French Revolution (1914) by Adams, Henry Packwood (1881–????)

ℹ️ "THIS is an elementary book; it aims, above all, at making the story clear. Its other purpose, not less important, is to indicate the present state of the chief problems associated with the great Revolution. It is based mainly on the reading of Acton, Sorel, Aulard, Kropotkin, Belloc, and the writers of the " Cambridge Modern History " ; but though in its preparation the use of original authorities has been supplementary—not to say decorative—it is hoped that the book will supply the particular readers for whom it is intended with something essentially differing from what they can get from the few excellent handbooks of similar size that exist." (Preface)

https://archive.org/details/frenchrevolutio00adamgoog/page/n4

https://archive.org/details/frenchrevolution00adamuoft/page/n5

High Lights Of The French Revolution (1914) by Belloc, Hilaire (1870–1953)

⚠️ The Last Days Of The French Monarchy (1916) contains identical material, differently arranged, the chapter concerning Lafayette being slightly modified. Record whichever you wish.

https://archive.org/details/highlightsoffren00bell/page/n7

https://archive.org/details/highlightsoffren00bellrich/page/n9

A Brief History Of The French Revolution, Its Causes, Events, And Consequences (1915) by Aveling, Frederick Wilkins (????–????)

📖 Ideal for novice readers

ℹ️ "Having lectured for thirty years on the French Revolution and Napoleon I, I determined to try and write a popular account of the great Revolution and its successor. I have written these books as School Readers; but I trust they may also be useful for the general public." (Preface)

https://archive.org/details/briefhistoryoffr01avel/page/n9

History Of The French Revolution, From 1789 To 1814 (1915) by Mignet, François-Auguste-Marie-Alexis (1796–1884) with an Introduction by Jane, Lionel Cecil (1879–1932)

ℹ️ "If one wishes to understand clearly regarding the various parties governing France, during the time of the French Revolution, and the decrees enacted by the successive assemblies, such knowledge will be gained more concisely by perusing the writings of Mignet than from the works of any other historian of that epoch." (Lydia Hoyt Farmer, A Short History Of The French Revolution: For Young People)

ℹ️ "One of the best short books on the subject: a judicial and learned resume." (Walter Geer, The French Revolution: A Historical Sketch)

http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/9602

SEE ALSO

Historical Studies On The French Revolution (Part 1)

Historical Studies On The French Revolution (Part 2)

Historical Studies On The French Revolution (Part 4)

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